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不同底质和温度对金乌贼仔乌饥饿耐受能力的影响
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作者:王林龙1  王展1  张雪梅1  张秀梅1 2 
单位:1. 中国海洋大学 教育部海水养殖重点实验室, 山东 青岛 266003;
2. 青岛海洋科学与技术国家实验室, 海洋渔业科学与食物产出过程功能实验室, 山东 青岛 266072
关键词:金乌贼 饥饿 饥饿耐受能力 不可逆点 累积死亡率 体重损失率 
分类号:S917
出版年·卷·期(页码):2018·25·No.5(1071-1081)
摘要:
采用实验生态学方法,以金乌贼(Sepia esculenta)初孵仔乌为实验对象,研究饥饿胁迫下仔乌的行为、体征等的变化,以及不同底质(细沙组、无底质组、沙泥组)和温度条件对仔乌耐饥饿能力的影响,以期为其增殖放流最佳时期的选择和放流海域的合理规划提供参考。结果显示,饥饿对仔乌的形态特征、行为方式、活力状态等影响较大,饥饿12 d时仔乌全部死亡。水温25℃条件下,细沙组、无底质组和沙泥组的饥饿不可逆点(PNR)分别为7.5 d、8 d和9.5 d;饥饿前7 d,各组的累积死亡率相差不大,之后由高到低依次为细沙组、无底质组、沙泥组;饥饿10 d后,3个实验组仔乌的体重损失率分别为7.72%±2.80%、6.95%±2.64%和5.30%±2.41%。无底质条件下,28℃组、25℃组和22℃组的PNR时间分别为7 d、8 d和9.5 d;28℃组的死亡率显著高于其他两组(P<0.05);饥饿10 d后,3组仔乌的体重损失率分别为8.90%±1.65%、6.95%±2.64%和5.79%±3.54%。实验结果表明,底质粒径较小的沙泥组对缓解仔乌饥饿起到积极影响,而粒径较大的细沙底质的作用与沙泥底质相反,随水温的升高会降低仔乌的饥饿耐受力,使其提前进入PNR。
Using ecological experimental methods, the effects of starvation on the behavior and morphological features, and the effects of substrate type and different temperatures on starvation tolerance in newly hatched Sepia esculenta juveniles were evaluated. The results showed that starvation exerted a significant negative effect on the morphological features, behavior, and activities of juveniles, and all of them died on day 12 of starvation. At a water temperature of 25℃, the the point of no-return time (PNR) of the juveniles in the fine sand, no particulate substrate, and sand-mud groups was 7.5 d, 8 d, and 9.5 d respectively, and the accumulated death rate for the first 7 d was marginally different between different substrate groups. However, after 10 d of starvation, the highest death rate was found in the fine sand group and the lowest was found in the sand-mud group. Simultaneously, the weight loss of juvenile S. esculenta in the three groups was 7.72%±2.80%, 6.95%±2.64%, and 5.30%±2.41%, respectively. When there were no particulate substrates, the accumulated death rate of the 28℃ group was significantly higher than that of the 25℃ and 22℃ groups (P<0.05), and the PNR was 7 d, 8 d, and 9.5 d, respectively. After a 10-d starvation period, the weight of the juvenile S. esculenta in the three groups decreased at a rate of 8.90%±1.65%, 6.95%±2.64% and 5.79%±3.54%, respectively, but there were no significant differences in the weight loss between the three groups. The results showed that the sand-mud group with smaller sediment particle size had a positive effect on starvation alleviation in juveniles, but the fine sand group did not. In the temperature range of 22-28℃, the PNR would occur earlier with the increase in water temperature.
该文献标准引用格式:
WANG Linlong, WANG Zhan, ZHANG Xuemei, ZHANG Xiumei,.Effects of different substrate and temperature on hunger tolerance in Sepia esculenta juveniles[J].Journal of Fishery Sciences of China,2018,25(5):1071-1081.[王林龙, 王展, 张雪梅, 张秀梅,.不同底质和温度对金乌贼仔乌饥饿耐受能力的影响[J].中国水产科学,2018,25(5):1071-1081.]
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